Equine West Nile Questions

1. How do the horses become infected with West Nile virus?

The same way humans become infected-by the bite of infectious mosquitoes. The virus is located in the mosquito’s salivary glands. When mosquitoes bite or “feed” on the horse, the virus is injected into its blood system. The virus then multiplies and may cause illness. The mosquitoes become infected when they feed on infected birds or other animals.

2. How does the virus cause severe illness or death in horses?

Following transmission by an infected mosquito, the virus multiplies in the horse’s blood system, crosses the blood brain barrier, and infects the brain. The virus interferes with normal central nervous system functioning and causes inflammation of the brain.

3. I have a new horse with no vaccination history, how should I proceed?

If no history is known it is safest to assume previous vaccinations have NOT been given and give the two shot series of the Fort Dodge or one of the Vetera to establish protective titers. In some cases a simple phone call to the previous owner to establish past vaccination history can be helpful in creating a vaccination protocol for your new horse.

4. Can pregnant mares be vaccinated?

Yes, there is NO scientific evidence that West Nile vaccinations cause abortions or deformities.

5. What age should I begin vaccinating foals?

The American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) recommends that foals start the vaccination series for West Nile at 5 months.

6. My horse is vaccinated against eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), western equine encephalitis (WEE), and Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE). Will these vaccines protect my horse against West Nile virus infection?

No. EEE, WEE, and VEE belong to another family of viruses for which there is no cross-protection.

7. Is West Nile infection treatable?

There are several treatments aimed at minimizing symptoms and arresting progression. At this time there is no specific cure for the disease. While some horses make a complete recovery, others survivors may have long term deficits. Approximately 33% of horses that contract West Nile disease will die or be euthanized.

8. There is a horse in my barn diagnosed with West Nile, is my horse at greater risk?

The virus is not transmitted from horse to horse. Horses are known as “dead-end hosts”. This means that horses do not create enough virus particles for mosquitoes to transmit West Nile virus from an infected horse to a healthy horse. However the conditions in your area may be right for local birds to carry the disease. Your best protection is proper vaccinations and strict mosquitoe control measures.

Dr. Garfinkel is a graduate of the highly regarded College of Veterinary Medicine at North Carolina State University. She has been practicing in the East County of San Diego since 2000, and has built a reputation of providing high quality and compassionate care.

Visit her website at http://drgarfinkel.com and sign up for her free monthly newsletter.

Originally posted 2015-01-18 06:26:47.

How To Get Your Horse To Finish His Stop

On the surface the principles of getting a horse to move and getting him to stop may appear directly opposed to each other. Both are immensely important in horse riding and training, depending on the situation, and both principles aid in teaching the other. In other words, getting a horse to go forward is critical in teaching him to stop and vice versa.

Firstly, what does it ‘really’ mean to stop? Stopping means: ‘Quit moving, drop dead, right here, right now, don’t go ’til I say, etc.’

As you can see, stopping is very black and white. Stopping isn’t slowing down. Stopping isn’t leaning to take a step once you’ve stopped. Stopping is not moving. Stopping is stopping. So it is essential that your horse understand what stopping means.

In order to teach your horse to stop, you must first examine your own behavior. In other words, when you’re on your horse and he’s moving a little too fast for you, what do you do? Do you say, ‘Whoa’ when you want him to slow down? If so what do you say when you want them to stop? So, do NOT say ‘whoa’ unless you want him to stop.

This habit causes confusion to the horse, remember they are creatures of habit and learn through repetition. They do not respond well to the same cue being for two or more different tasks. So change your habit because if you don’t, the horse will think ‘whoa’ means to slow down. The next thing to change is to ensure that you are very black and white in your instructions. When you say ‘whoa’ and you want him to stop, then he needs to stop – period! So here’s a tip to ensure that our horse learns this important skill. It order to get your horse to finish his stop and stop when you say ‘whoa’, get him to back up immediately on completing the stop.

Backing up immediately on completion of the stop assists the horse to learn that they are not going to be immediately moving forward. When you say ‘whoa’ they know that you going to ask them to take a step or two back. An added bonus of this technique is that it actually gets their backend under them, which has the effect of getting their front end lighter, which enables them to move left or right with greater ease, because it’s a more athletic position. It is important to remember that a horse stops well is the result of good habits on behalf of his rider, and effect and clear communication between rider and horse.

Read more: http://www.articlesbase.com/equestrian-articles/how-to-get-your-horse-to-finish-his-stop-2038508.html#ixzz0n6fIG5fk

King of the Wind: The Story of the Godolphin Arabian
Marguerite Henry Horse Books Set of 6 Volumes Including Misty of Chincoteague, Sea Star, Orphan of Chincoteague, Stormy, Misty's Foal, Misty's Twilight, Justin Morgan Had a Horse, and King of the Wind, the Story of the Godolphin Arabian
Arabian Horses (Ultimate)

Originally posted 2015-01-04 05:53:04.

How Do I Measure My Horse For A Rug?

As we head towards winter, it’s time to start thinking about your horse’s winter wardrobe. Do they need a new stable rug or turnout rug? Getting the right size and fit is essential to protect them fully and safely through the colder months. A rug that fits incorrectly can cause problems, like discomfort and chaffing if it’s too tight, or slipping and getting caught up in your horse’s legs if it is too big.

So if you’re in the market for a new horse rug, here are some tips on achieving a great fit. Your horse will thank you.

How do I measure my horse for a rug?

You have two options here:

  • If you already have a rug that’s a good fit for your horse, lay it flat and measure it from the middle of the chest at the top end down the length of the rug to the opposite end.
  • Or to measure your horse, use a soft tape measure starting at the centre of your horse’s chest measuring horizontally along to your horse’s rump where you would expect the rug to end.

Horse rugs are sized in feet and inches, going up a size in 3 inch increments. Select the size closest to your measurement. Generally it is best to go up rather than down to the nearest size if your horse is in between sizes. However, use your discretion here – if your horse is quite slight, it may be wise to go down slightly to the smaller size. Likewise, if your horse is very sturdy it might be an idea to go up a size.

Trying a horse rug on

After purchasing your rug you need to check you’ve got the right fit. When trying it on your horse for the first time leave the tags on and try it on over a thin summer sheet if possible. This will stop the rug getting hairy and will mean that you should be able to return it for an exchange or refund in immaculate condition if it doesn’t fit. To test out the size, check the fit around your horse’s chest, withers and shoulders by running your hands around and under the edge of the rug. The fit should be snug enough that it doesn’t slip back, but not so much that it restricts movement or rubs. Get a second opinion on the fit from an experienced horse owner if you’re not sure, you don’t want to end up with a costly mistake!

By   writes about Equestrian Products.

The Old Dairy Saddlery specialise in providing the best quality horse riding equipment at affordable prices. For a great range of horse rugs, visit the website.

Sgt. Reckless: America's War Horse
Manna Pro 0092954236 Apple Horse Treats, 5-Pound
Horsemen's Pride 10

Originally posted 2014-12-29 04:41:52.

Story Of Dun It For Money

Dun-It-For-Money-CCRI first laid eyes on Dun It For Money as a yearling where he was in a pen with other colts. Knowing he was too expensive for me, I purchased another colt who turned out to be a champion. I could not get him out of his mind. As a three year old, he was then sent to the NRHA Futurity where he placed in the finals.

The following Spring, Dun It For Money was shown at the Olympic Trials in Burbank. I sat in the stands with the owner as they watched a hot mad stallion stop and refuse to go any more. The rider threw his hands up in the air and rode out of the arena. The owner ran over and grabbed Dun It For Money from the trainer.

I did not see him again for 6 months and I still could not get him out of his mind. When Dun It For Money went up for sale, I sent for him. At the time that he arrived at my ranch, he was upset at the world and came out of the trailer on his hind legs rearing and striking. At that moment, I decided that Dun It For Money wasn’t ever going to leave my side. You see, we were both at a very similar stage in our lives and when we looked each other in the eye, there was a silent understanding.

With a month of horse trading and negotiating, I was able to purchase Dun It For Money. This was the most incredible moment in my life. I led him down to his arena and with eager anticipation I got on him. Dun It For Money promptly reached around and grabbed my leg with his mouth and took me to the ground. I pulled his head around, got him up, and got back on. Away we on our first trail ride together. I made him a promise that I would not ever work him or train him in an arena again because of Dun It For Money’s bad experiences. He blossomed very quickly and never once did he show any signs of quitting or getting mad!

The following summer I decided to enter him in the prestigious Santa Barbara Fiesta Rodeo and Stock Horse show him in Open Reining. We won it! I then entered him in the Monterey National Horse Show Open and again we took the championship title. I and Dun It For Money moved to Rosamond, CA where we occasionally showed at the local level. Not wanting to do reining with Dun It anymore, I just played around roping, team penning, and working cattle.

When Dun It For Money turned 15 years old, I decided to semi retire him to occasional trail rides only. Dun It For Money was not happy and grew over time to become mad and resentful over non use.

When the Extreme Cowboy Association “EXCA” Racing finals was just three days away, I decided to pull him out of his pen and try him on obstacles. To my surprise he loved it! In this first EXCA race, Dun It For Money had to jump, drag logs, and go over teeter bridges for the first time because I had not had a chance to introduce him to them. Dun It did not refuse one obstacle! We placed 4th in the Regional Championship with only 3 days preparation. Our first run video is the most posted and viewed globally and still is the favorite.

Three weeks later I took Dun It For Money to the Vaquero Days EXCA race in Desconso, CA where we won the Pro title. A few months later I took him to the EXCA World Championship where we made the finals and put on the first match race against Lee Hart. The Equine Affaire EXCA race was a couple months later where we placed 3rd against California’s toughest competition. Soon after we competed at the California Cowboy Racers EXCA event and we won it! This was his last race. Shortly afterwards, on May 24, 2011 at approximately 2:43 pm, Dun It For Money had a heart attack while breeding a mare and died in my arms. His legacy lives on through Dun It Colt 45, Laredo, La Cody Dun It, and Dun It Docavanna; all of which I own. On November 4, 2012, Dun It For Money was the first horse inducted into the EXCA Horse Hall of Fame.

I had always dreamed of the perfect horse, being a buckskin paint stud by Dun It For Money. I got my wish in March of 2008. I had been getting up every morning anticipating the new arrival. On the morning Laredo was born, I had Evon go check to see if he arrived. Evon came back to my room elated, “Chop, chop, get up and come see your dream horse”!

Laredo Dun It is the only buckskin paint stud by Dun It For Money. Laredo has his sire’s athletic ability, intelligence, and temperament. Laredo or Baby Bucky as we call him is now being trained for future shows and performances with an Extreme Cowboy Racing career in sight for 2015.

By Bill Cameron

Website: http://www.NaturalBornRiders.com

 

Originally posted 2014-11-29 04:44:16.

Get That Horse Some Factor 50 and a Sunshade Please

sunshadeI was walking my dog early this morning to avoid the heat and I noticed a field of lovely horses of all different varieties, shapes and sizes, all clustered under one small tree. It was already getting warmer and on closer inspection , in fact I scoured the whole field. they were doing their best to stay cool because the water supply they had was totally inadequate.

Now taking aside the care of these particular horses , which I can assure you I will be dealing with. I wondered how many other well meaning owners were assuming their horses were ok in summer. People seem to assume horses will be fine in summer and only worry about them in winter, but horses overheat easily.

Dogs, cats, and even horses with sparse hair and light colored hair and skin are more likely to get sun related diseases. Sunburn is as painful in animals just as it is in people. It is recommended to keep your pet or horse out of the sun especially during the summer from 10 am to 4 pm. Horses can be protected in a barn and even a shade tree can really help. But the point is that they do need some protection from the sun.

Many cancers can affect the skin of animals and most come with too much sun exposure. Sunscreen can be used on animals but may be difficult to apply if they are hairy. Also, you must be careful the pet does not lick the sunscreen, as it could be bad for them. There are even sun suits available for your pet to prevent sun burn, although the pet may get hot in these or may chew them off. So there really is no substitute for providing them with the proper shade.

The single most important way to help horses in hot weather is to give them easy access to clean, fresh water. Like humans, horses control their temperature through sweating. But sweating leads to dehydration if the water and minerals aren’t replaced.

The safest solution is to install plenty of troughs and keep them full, as shallow water is sometimes hard to reach for smaller horses or ponies. Choosing self filling troughs is the easiest, option but can be expensive. Whatever the solution owners need to ensure the water is clean and thathorses are drinking it.

You can also turn horses out only in the evening, keeping them stabled in the day during summer, to minimize exposure to blazing sun and flies. But this only works if the stables are cool and well ventilated, otherwise they can quickly become far too hot. Keeping them in a really airless wooden stable isn’t the answer; they will just as easily fry in there. But brick or concrete stables are much cooler. All this calls for is a bit of common sense. If you would get hot closed in there then so will they.

The other thing I wanted to mention is that you may also be unaware that there is another potentially serious illness in horses that can easily be confused with straightforward sunburn, and that’s Photosensitization.

Photosensitization is a long word for what can be a serious skin condition. It looks like sunburned, crusty skin that can die and fall or rub, off. It is usually caused by a reaction to something the horse has eaten. Howeverthe skin problem doesn’t appear until the horse is exposed to sunlight. Three things can cause photosensitization. First, there can be a photo activating substance in the horse’s skin, second it can be caused by exposure to UV light, and thirdly it can be caused by lack of skin pigment, which enables more light to penetratethe skin.

Removing the horse from the sun will give them immediate relief. Exposure to the sun causes a chemical reaction in the skin which can be painful. Affected horses can be turned out at night and kept out of direct sunlight during the day. Depending on how bad the skin damage and loss is, it can a long time for them to get better.

Many horses with light skin can get sunburned. If your horse develops severe skin blisters and open wounds after exposure to the sun, it’s always wise to seek advice from your veterinarian to find out the cause.

Humans are constantly reminded by dermatologists about exposure to the sun and the risk of skin damage and cancer. Although you may not have ever considered it before, our pets can also be susceptible todiseases related to too much sun. So next time you see an animal that is not sufficiently protected, have a care, and even at the risk of some verbal abuse, let the owner know, as diplomatically as possible, that they could do better.

Source: Free Articles

About the Author

Roger Bourdon’s aim is to bring the joys of horseback riding to everyone with his books and website at http://anyhorsebackriding.com where you can get really cool free hints and tips on learning to horseback ride.

 

I was walking my dog early this morning to avoid the heat and I noticed a field of lovely horses of all different varieties, shapes and sizes, all clustered under one small tree. It was already getting warmer and on closer inspection , in fact I scoured the whole field. they were doing their best to stay cool because the water supply they had was totally inadequate.

Now taking aside the care of these particular horses , which I can assure you I will be dealing with. I wondered how many other well meaning owners were assuming their horses were ok in summer. People seem to assume horses will be fine in summer and only worry about them in winter, but horses overheat easily.

Dogs, cats, and even horses with sparse hair and light colored hair and skin are more likely to get sun related diseases. Sunburn is as painful in animals just as it is in people. It is recommended to keep your pet or horse out of the sun especially during the summer from 10 am to 4 pm. Horses can be protected in a barn and even a shade tree can really help. But the point is that they do need some protection from the sun.

Many cancers can affect the skin of animals and most come with too much sun exposure. Sunscreen can be used on animals but may be difficult to apply if they are hairy. Also, you must be careful the pet does not lick the sunscreen, as it could be bad for them. There are even sun suits available for your pet to prevent sun burn, although the pet may get hot in these or may chew them off. So there really is no substitute for providing them with the proper shade.

The single most important way to help horses in hot weather is to give them easy access to clean, fresh water. Like humans, horses control their temperature through sweating. But sweating leads to dehydration if the water and minerals aren’t replaced.

The safest solution is to install plenty of troughs and keep them full, as shallow water is sometimes hard to reach for smaller horses or ponies. Choosing self filling troughs is the easiest, option but can be expensive. Whatever the solution owners need to ensure the water is clean and thathorses are drinking it.

You can also turn horses out only in the evening, keeping them stabled in the day during summer, to minimize exposure to blazing sun and flies. But this only works if the stables are cool and well ventilated, otherwise they can quickly become far too hot. Keeping them in a really airless wooden stable isn’t the answer; they will just as easily fry in there. But brick or concrete stables are much cooler. All this calls for is a bit of common sense. If you would get hot closed in there then so will they.

The other thing I wanted to mention is that you may also be unaware that there is another potentially serious illness in horses that can easily be confused with straightforward sunburn, and that’s Photosensitization.

Photosensitization is a long word for what can be a serious skin condition. It looks like sunburned, crusty skin that can die and fall or rub, off. It is usually caused by a reaction to something the horse has eaten. Howeverthe skin problem doesn’t appear until the horse is exposed to sunlight. Three things can cause photosensitization. First, there can be a photo activating substance in the horse’s skin, second it can be caused by exposure to UV light, and thirdly it can be caused by lack of skin pigment, which enables more light to penetratethe skin.

Removing the horse from the sun will give them immediate relief. Exposure to the sun causes a chemical reaction in the skin which can be painful. Affected horses can be turned out at night and kept out of direct sunlight during the day. Depending on how bad the skin damage and loss is, it can a long time for them to get better.

Many horses with light skin can get sunburned. If your horse develops severe skin blisters and open wounds after exposure to the sun, it’s always wise to seek advice from your veterinarian to find out the cause.

Humans are constantly reminded by dermatologists about exposure to the sun and the risk of skin damage and cancer. Although you may not have ever considered it before, our pets can also be susceptible todiseases related to too much sun. So next time you see an animal that is not sufficiently protected, have a care, and even at the risk of some verbal abuse, let the owner know, as diplomatically as possible, that they could do better.

Source: Free Articles

Originally posted 2014-02-05 02:21:31.

Palomino Horse A Question Of Colour?

palominoDue to their unusual colour, Palominos stand out in a show ring, and are much sought after as parade horses.

The Palomino is considered a colour breed. Palomino is a coat colour in horses, consisting of a gold coat and white or flaxen mane and tail. Genetically, the palomino colour is created by a dilution gene working on a red (chestnut) base coat. However, most colour breed registries that record Palomino horses were founded before equine coat colour genetics were understood as well as they are today, and hence the standard definition of a Palomino is based on the coat colour visible to the eye, not the underlying presence of the dilution gene. Thus, palomino is simply a colour and not a set of characteristics that make up a “breed”.

Because registration is based solely on coat color, horses from many breeds or combination of breeds may qualify. Some breeds that have palomino representatives are the American Saddlebred, Tennessee Walking Horse, Morgan and Quarter Horse.

The color is fairly rare in the Thoroughbred, but does in fact occur and is recognized by The Jockey Club.

Unlike the Appaloosa, which is a distinct breed that also happens to have a unique colour, any breed or type of horse usually may be registered as palomino if they are properly golden-coloured (though, for some registries, horses may also meet a conformation or type standard).

While the breed standard states the ideal colour is that of a “newly minted gold coin” (sometimes mistakenly claimed to be a penny), some Palomino registries allow a coat colour that may range from cremello, an almost-white colour, to a deep, dark, chocolate colour (“chocolate palomino”).

The liver chestnut with a flaxen mane and tail (back), may be accepted as “palomino” by some colour registries.

A palomino at the lighter end of the acceptable range of colour, coat is still a golden shade, skin is dark, horse is not quite a cremello.

White markings are also permitted on the face, but must not extend past the eyes.

Some breeds, such as the Haflinger and Arabian, may appear to be palomino, but are genetically chestnuts with flaxen manes and tails, as neither breed carries the creme dilution that creates this colour. White markings are permitted on the legs, but must not extend beyond the knees or hocks.

Famous Palominos

One of the most famous Palomino horses was Trigger, acknowledged as “the smartest horse in movies,” the faithful mount of the Hollywood Cowboy star Roy Rogers during the 1940s and 1950s. Another famous Palomino was Mr. Ed (real name Bamboo Harvester) who starred on his own TV show in the 1960s.

Finally it should be noted that Link’s Horse Epona, from the Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time, can be considered a Palomino.

Originally posted 2013-10-27 02:03:36.

Horses And Children With Special Needs

I want a pony. That simple sentence has been uttered from many children’s lips over the years. A horse can be a great pet for a child. They learn about love, companionship, nurturing, relationships, and responsibility from owning their own pony or horse.

But no children benefit more from horses than those with special needs. Different types of needs are dealt with in different ways with horses and children.

One of the ways that horses benefit these special needs children is called Hippotherapy. According to medical experts “Hippotherapy is a physical, occupational and speech therapy treatment strategy that utilizes equine movement. Hippotherapy is utilized as part of an integrated treatment program to achieve functional outcomes.”

“In Hippotherapy, the patient engages in activities on the horse that are enjoyable and challenging. Specific riding skills are not taught, but rather a foundation is established to improve neurological function and sensory processing.”

Children with “improved sensory processing”, a disease which causes extreme discomfort to all five senses can learn to cope through interaction with horses. Children with cerebral palsy can learn to deal with their physical challenges through horseback riding as well.

Children who have physical disabilities benefit from mounting and riding horses because it stretches their muscles and has been known to improve posture dramatically. Riding a horse actually simulates the action of walking, so children who cannot walk on their own gain the benefits of walking by riding a horse.

Children benefit in other ways as well. The simple acts of washing and grooming a horse can be therapeutic. It can also tech them motor skills, social skills, and responsibility. A child learns that their horse needs their care as much as they need the care the horses can give them.

If your child has visual problems, hearing problems, physical or even emotion and mental issues, consider the therapeutic benefits of a program that uses horses to help children with these special needs. If you know of a program that does this in your area, please support them generously. These children need the programs that allow them to interact and learn with horses.

The skills they obtain benefit them throughout their entire life. It improves their quality of life as a child as they lean to be more confident, learn motor skills, and learn how to move their body through space. The latter can lead to participation in other extracurricular activities your child needs.

All of this leads to better social skills and behavior as well as improving their lack of self-esteem because of their inability to do certain things. It shows them what they CAN do, rather than what they cannot do.

I hope this article encourages you to get your child enrolled in a program that allows them to be around horses. Even if your child has no special needs or disabilities, the benefit of learning the skills of horseback riding and the care of horses is irreplaceable. Some say man’s best friend is a dog. I know horses would disagree.

By Greg Lucas

All about horses and how to care for them plus free horse classifieds for anyone looking to buy or sell a horse. Please visit: Horse training

For More Information About Horse Programs Around Kern County Contact Rise Therapeutic Riding Center 661-823-7331

Special Needs, Special Horses: A Guide to the Benefits of Therapeutic Riding (PRACTICAL GUIDE)
Games for All Seasons: designed for use in therapeutic riding lessons
Exercises for Therapeutic Riding

Originally posted 2013-09-17 05:49:18.