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Originally posted 2012-06-24 13:44:27.
The western-most Iberian country of mainland Europe, Portugal, is home to a handful of thoroughbreds that have become famous the world over. These are the Lusitano, Sorraia and Garrano Portuguese horse breeds. Each has a unique breeding history that essentially had their roots in the Iberian plains long before recorded history.
The Lusitano Breed
The most famous Portuguese horse is the Lusitano, named after Lusitania which the conquering Romans called Portugal in the first century BC. Modern Portuguese equestrian sports have been known to use the Lusitano horse exclusively for years. It is believed to have had its roots in a number of cross breeding between the local Berber pony and the Arabian horse that entered the country during the various waves of Carthaginian, Roman, Germanic and Arab Moorish conquests of the Iberian Peninsula.
But it was not until 1942 when veterinarians from the government’s National Stud officially christened the specific horse breed at the Portuguese School of Equestrian Art as Lusitano, did the name finally entered the Portuguese Stud Book first published in 1889.
There have been other similar breeds found in Spain and in 1962, an agreement between Spanish and local breeders was reached on the specific traits that would distinguish the Portuguese Lusitano and Spain’s Espanhol breeds.
The Garrano Breed
With prehistoric roots, the Portuguese Garrano has it roots from the Iberian pony native to the northern mountainous regions of the country. Cave rock drawings in caves of Altamira and La Pasiega depict the ancestral Garrano origins used mainly as the main means for agriculture and transport needs of the early Portuguese.
Its subsequent breeding with foreign breed introduced over centuries of domination from various conquering peoples has produced other Portuguese horse breeds that now include the modern Garrano. Its straight head profile and short legs won’t give it equestrian qualities but they continue to be used in large rural farm communities.
The Sorraia Breed
In 1945, Dr Ruy D’Andrade discovered a unique horse that thrived in the valley where the Sorraia River flows through after getting merged from the Sor and Raia tributaries in the same northern regions of the country where the Garrano also roamed freely.
He aptly named it the Sorraia horse as one of the native Portuguese horse breeds of modern times. Like the Garrano, there have been rock engravings dating back to the Ice Age that reveal a prehistoric ancestral horse species resembling the character of the Sorraia horse. These are the least populous of the three breeds and are likewise used more for agricultural and transport needs of the rural communities.
For more information regarding Portuguese Horse Breeds, visit Portugal Blog.com
Originally posted 2012-06-23 08:09:22.
I thought it was a mistake as soon as she put her foot into the stirrup. Her non-stretch jeans stretched to a thin bare membrane over her bulging backside. The horse practically groaned as she hoisted herself up. I asked myself, “Why did I take her as a student?”
My impression was wrong. She was a great student. Three months later the same student fit and trim was cantering unaided and easily preparing her own horse for lessons. Why was she such a great student? She wanted to learn how to ride and she was teachable.
Whether you are a seasoned competitor or a recreational rider, consider the following to keep your instructor happy:
Remember that teaching riding lessons is a business. If your lesson starts at 10:00 then you should arrive at 9:30 – 9:45 to prepare your horse. Preparing your horse may be as simple as taking it from the previous student who was riding it, or it may include a trek into the back forty to retrieve, groom and tack up the beast.
If you are late for your lesson don’t expect the instructor to redo her/his schedule to fit yours!
If you think you may be late it is a great courtesy to call and let your teacher/trainer know you will be late or have to postpone you lesson. It is usual to have a 24 hour cancellation policy. This means if you cancel before 24 hours before the start of the lesson they will not charge you for your lesson. If however, you call after the 24 hour period they can and will still charge you.
Some may think this is a bit much but this avoids people abusing the system and prevents people scheduling lessons and not showing up for them.
Most stables require that you pay for an eight week session in advance. This prevents students riding and then not paying. If your stable does not have this policy pay in advance anyway. This shows your teacher that you are serious about your riding.
Wanting to learn, being teachable, is all about listening and following directions that are given by your instructor. It is not so much about head up, heels down, but also about how your apply yourself outside of the lessons that make a difference. It means trying, doing and not making excuses. I can’t because “fill in excuse here”.
Being courteous is always good. This means if you use the cross ties, then sweep up the mess you created. Or if your horse poops in the aisle way scoop it up and dispose of it. I know that putting manure in the wheel barrow is not enough for me. I go the extra few steps and then dump the wheelie. This does take a few more minutes but it goes a long way to keep things clean and to create great relationships with the stable manager.
After you have completed your lesson always wipe down your tack and equipment. This is a courtesy for the next rider and helps with the condition of the tack. Also at this time you can see the condition of the leather and see if any repairs need to be done.
If you keep these things in mind and help your instructor, s/he will be happier and more interested in helping you.
Being a coach, Judge and freelance riding instructor Laura May knows first hand what keeps her happy. Laura’s stable Thistle Ridge Stable is co-host of the popular Rising Star Series of Horse Show Clinics in Ottawa, Ontario. She likes it when people are on time and pay on time!
Laura specializes in the development and training of young horses with emphasis on the development of equestrians through systematic training techniques. School horses are available at Thistle Ridge Stables for your lessons and Laura provides freelance instruction/coaching at your stable.
Also available for judging and clinics.
Originally posted 2012-06-23 08:08:20.
Originally posted 2012-06-22 08:11:13.
Originally posted 2012-06-21 08:10:38.
Originally posted 2012-06-20 08:09:47.
Are you ready to begin your riding adventure? Or do you want to get back in the saddle after a long break? Here are some questions and tips on finding a skilled riding instructor that will meet your needs.
The first question you need to ask your self is what style of riding have done before? Or which style would you like to learn? Some examples are: hunter, jumper, dressage, trail, western pleasure, or reining to name a few. If you are not sure what is the difference then check with your local library or go online and do a search. This is the first step in determining what type of instructor you are looking for.
Questions to ask yourself:
What style of riding do I wish to learn?
What are my riding goals?
Do I want to be more comfortable on a horse and ride recreationally?
Do I want to participate in horse shows?
How much time do I have for riding?
Are there specific fears that I need to work with?
No matter what your riding goals are you should ride at least once per week. That way you have a chance to practice what you learned during the lesson, and it also allows you to progress quicker.
Most lessons last about an hour, however grooming and tacking/ untacking add another hour to your “lesson” time, and this is an extremely important part of your lesson. You need to learn how to groom and tack/ untack your horse, because this is necessary if you ever wish to own or share board a horse.
What is my budget for lessons, etc.?
Private lessons range from $40-90/hr.
Semi-private lessons and group lessons range from $20-50/hr.
Remember you will also be investing in the proper attire, which includes jeans or breeches, boots, and most importantly a safety helmet. This part of your riding investment should not cost that much. For example many of us already have a pair of jeans that will work for riding. A pair of inexpensive but serviceable breeches should be about $40-$50 a pair. The average boots to start riding with should be around $50 and a helmet can be $25-65. It all depends on how fancy or high end you want your items to be.
I recommend that you start with a reputable and professional instructor to teach you the basics of riding a horse. They should be certified if possible. Having an instructor with certification means they have passed tests and classes on riding instruction. An instructor must also carry Equine Liability Insurance.
Now you should compile a list of instructors/ trainers from the phone book, internet, recommendations, and instructors/ trainers listed at feed stores. The instructors/ trainers that are recommended by friends should be higher on your list. Word of mouth recommendations are a good way to find an instructor/ trainer. The person that recommended a trainer will have experience with that particular trainer and is familiar with their style of teaching, and how they interact with horses and clients.
Questions to ask potential instructors/ trainers.
Do you work with beginners?
Do you work with timid riders?
How long have you been teaching?
How many years have you been involved with horses?
Do you teach children? Adults? Can we ride together?
What are your prices?
Do you offer private, semi-private, or group lessons?
Can I watch you teach a lesson?
Can you give me some references – other students, resume etc.?
What are your safety policies (if any)?
Are you insured?
What are your certifications, if any?
Do you go to shows, and are you willing to take students?
Do you have any special requirements?
These are just a suggested list of questions to ask potential trainers/ instructors.
If you have narrowed down your search to a couple of potential trainers/ instructors schedule a time to meet with them face to face. I also recommend that you watch at least one of their lessons.
Some things to look for when visiting potential barns:
Do the horses appear healthy?
Is the barn neat (i.e. no pitch forks or shovels in the aisles)?
Does the instructor pay attention to the student?
Do they have a helmet policy? (This should always be a mandatory policy with EVERY rider)
Are the instructor’s requests during the lesson reasonable?
Are the instructor’s requests easy to understand, if not does the instructor explain them when students have a question?
Do the students look comfortable, and appear to be enjoying the lesson?
I hope that these suggestions assist you in your search for an instructor. If you follow these guidelines, then it will be much easier to find an instructor that meets your needs.
By Sara McKiness of Horse Logic.
Editor’s Note: Based in St. Charles, Sara McKiness is a Certified Horse Trainer who helps riders improve their communication with horses without punishment. She graduated valedictorian from Meredith Manor International Equestrian Center (MMIEC) where she majored in teaching and training, and minored in Farrier Science.
Classical Dressage, Western, and Hunt Seat Lessons. Come ride exceptional & experienced lesson horses. Based in Sugar Grove IL with travel to your facility available. Learn better communication with your horse and build your relationship. Fully insured with over 19 years riding experience. Contact Sara for more information 630-631-2746.
©Horse Logic 2008-2010
Originally posted 2012-06-19 08:08:53.
Is your routine getting stale? You can jazz it up by using trot rails. The rails themselves do not have to be fancy painted rails but they should be correctly placed to get the maximum training value.
Think safety first – Square rails are safer as they do not move if the horse happens to hit them. The lowest level of a caveletti is another good option. Round rails are the norm but they do move when they get hit. If possible find some squared rails or use caveletti.
Distances between poles – Placing random poles is a good way to vary your routine. Place poles at various locations around your riding area and practice trotting and cantering over the middle of each pole. If you want to place poles in a row they should be placed at a certain distances.
For the: Walk – place poles at 3 feet apart. Trot – place poles at 4 to 4 1/2 feet apart. Canter – place poles at 9 feet apart.
These distances are average and depend on the size of the horse, experience of the rider and exercise you want to accomplish. For example, ponies would have shorter strides and therefore would have shorter distances. Larger horses would have longer strides and therefore would require longer distances between the poles.
***HINT – When I ride I use 9 feet between poles so that I can walk, trot and canter without having to move the poles during my ride!
*** HINT – You can tell if the poles are placed properly when the horse goes through the poles he steps in the middle of the poles.
Exercises using poles
1. Setting poles on a circle. This is a great exercise. On a 20 m circle (large diameter circle) put a pole at the twelve, three, six, and 9 o’clock positions. While riding your circle aim and meet the middle of each pole.
*** HINT – Use your outside leg to prevent the horse from drifting out on the circle. This exercise can be made more difficult by making the circle smaller.
2. Fan three to five rails out like the spokes on a wheel. From center to center of each pole should measure 4 1/2 feet if the poles are to be used at the trot. When setting up make sure that your poles always point to the same center point. These can be spokes on a 20 m circle, 15 or 10 m circle. Making the diameter smaller makes the exercise more difficult.
*** HINT – Use your outside leg and rein to prevent the horse from drifting out on the circle.
3. Set 2 poles 60 ft. apart. This is a great exercise to count the number of strides between the poles. Then you can adjust the number of strides by lengthening or shortening the strides. Haphazardly placing poles in a row can spell disaster for some horses, so take some time and place poles carefully and practice your lines and circles. You will accomplish more in a shorter period of time and reach your goals faster.
Laura May is the owner of Thistle Ridge Stables in Ottawa, On. Canada which is host to the Rising Star Series of Horse Shows. She specializes in the development and training of young horses. Emphasis on the development of equestrians through systematic training techniques More information can be found by contacting me at thistleridge @ hotmail.com (just remove the spaces). Also visit http://www.thistleridge.wordpress.com for more horsey related topics!
Originally posted 2012-06-18 08:06:59.
Cleaning your tack and equipment comes with the territory of riding. If you ride, western or English or drive, you should clean your tack and equipment. Sometimes it seems like a chore but in the long run, it’s worth it.
Equipment can be an expensive part of your horse budget. You should clean your tack because:
Riding and cleaning tack go hand in hand. After a lifetime of riding I should know. I remember going to my High school Graduation and the photographer told me to hide my hands (they were dirty from tack cleaning and I had a show the next day) Stay tuned for more Stable Tips and Tack Cleaning information.
I own and operate local stable, teach lessons and am a Senior Juddge. If you would like more information contact me at email@example.com. Also visit http://www.thistleridge.wordpress.com/ for more horsey related topics!
Originally posted 2012-06-17 08:06:28.
Simple Tips on How to Buy a Horse
Tips on how to buy a horse can be very helpful to anyone who is thinking about taking this major step.
Buying a horse is a challenging proposition even when surrounded by the best of circumstances. Acquiring a pony, gelding, filly or thoroughbred stallion is also going to be a very expensive undertaking.
This is not the time to make such a decision lightly. You need to consider your choices and actions ahead of time. Find out all of the details, ask the right questions and look at all of the options before you pay the money and agree to make that new horse a part of your family.
Many people have rushed into ‘horse ownership’ only to find out that it really was more expensive and more involved than they first realized. Owning a horse requires a commitment of time, devotion, responsibility and money. If you are not prepared to give 110% then you are not quite ready to bring a new horse into your life.
It may sound rather simplistic, but you need to consider why you want the horse. Is this a lifelong dream that you are trying to satisfy? Did you read about an unfortunate equine and now you want to rush to the rescue? Could this be just a whim that has been voiced by a member of your family?
Have you seriously considered all of the expense and responsibility that will be involved? Are you ready to accept both the joys and challenges that horse ownership entails?
If you are fully prepared to care for this animal and understand the time and effort that will be required then you might be ready to move ahead with such an important decision.
Family Life or Boarding Stable?
Consider where the animal will be living? Is this horse going to be a true member of your immediate family and live in a stable on your land? Are you going to be boarding the animal at a nearby facility? Who is going to be responsible for the daily tasks that include feeding, exercising, riding, grooming and watering? How much time do you really have to devote to the care, maintenance and comfort of this new animal?
These are all questions that will have to be answered before you are ready to buy a horse.
Getting Down to Brass Tacks
One of the most basic tips on how to buy a horse is the consideration of what the horse will be used for.
Are you planning to show the horse? Are you going to use the animal for trail rides, pleasure rides or do you hope to use him to help others learn how to ride?
Matching the horse to the proposed job will help make sure that you choose the right animal. A horse that loves to be out on the trail may not be well suited for some other uses. You need to make sure that you discuss your plans and aspirations with the seller before making a final decision.
Purchasing a horse that is not well matched to the rider’s level of skill and experience will almost certainly guarantee disastrous results. Getting ‘more horse’ for the money is not a bargain. “Too much horse” can even be dangerous.
You cannot just buy a horse because you like its gait, color or physical appearance. The best plan of action is to find a horse that is suited for your
If you plan to show this horse in the future then you want to be sure that the animal in question is going to be ready for the ring, or can at least be capable of transitioning to the show ring at a later date. You will also be paying additional money for these qualities. However it is better to make a correct decision now instead of trying to rectify a mistake later.
Make sure that you are buying the horse from someone who has experience and skill with these animals. This will allow you the opportunity to get some truthful information about the horse and its abilities. Unfortunately there are many people who are just trying to make a quick buck from the sale of horses and they can lead you down the wrong path in a matter of moments.
If you have little experience with horses you may want to bring along a friend who is more knowledgeable. You can even talk with local horse breeders, riding instructors or farriers and ask their opinion about the kind of horse best suited for your needs.
Cheap, Moderate or Expensive?
The money you are going to spend on a hose depends on your personal budget. A cheap horse can sometimes be a better deal than a more expensive one, but it all depends on the qualities you need in this animal and what qualities they possess.
An unbroken horse may cost less money but unless you are very skilled and know how to break and train a ‘bucking bronco’ you will be well advised to look elsewhere for a better bargain.
Many horses and ponies that are offered at ‘rock bottom’ prices have some sort of issues. The animal could have health or temperament issues. The age of the horse may even be a factor.
You need to consider what kind of animal you are purchasing and look at each factor carefully before you make an offer. A healthy, sound horse with a good temperament and calm disposition may cost a bit more than the younger horse with beautiful markings and foot trouble but you will know what you are getting. The younger horse with foot trouble may well be a ‘pig in a poke’ that could cost a fortune in vet bills during the immediate future.
On the average any normal horse will cost the owner/rider about $4000 or more per year in upkeep, vet bills, and maintenance. This figure does not include the cost of purchase and it does not take into account any unusual charges such as emergency medical care or special feed. The cost could be less than this if you are not boarding the animal but you are still going to be spending well over $2000 a year to care for a horse properly.
When you are trying to find tips on how to buy a horse one of the best suggestions is to stay within your budget. Do not attempt to buy a thoroughbred if you only have a couple of hundred dollars to spend. Remember that saying, ‘you get what you pay for’? This saying rings very true, especially where the cost of a horse is concerned.
Advice is Golden
Ask for help and advice from people you can trust. Go to your vet or ask a local riding academy for some help in finding a good, sound horse that you can afford. Breeders are always willing to talk with a prospective buyer but you need to remember that they are trying to ‘secure that sale’. This may make them a little too optimistic about the quality and character of the horse they are hoping you will buy.
Consider the Options
You can find horses advertised for sale on feed store bulletin boards and online. Craigslist has many farm animals and pets listed for sale each and every day.
Look in the local newspapers and check out the possibilities.
You may want to attend a horse show and find out what horses are being offered for sale. The advantage of this option is that you can actually watch the horses perform and see how they respond in the ring.
Livestock auctions are one avenue to pursue but there is a high level of risk involved. The health and temperament of the animal is usually not going to be guaranteed.
Riding academies and private riding instructors frequently offer horses for sale. Many times you can even co-own a horse if you purchase it through one of these facilities. An advantage to this purchase is that you may even be able to continue boarding the horse right at the same place where you bought the animal.
Right Horse Right Rider
Do not rush the decision should be the most important of any tips on how to buy a horse. Take your time so that you can be sure you are making the best possible choice.
Never buy a horse that you have not seen in person.
Never purchase a horse that you have not had the opportunity to ride and handle.
Do not buy a horse based solely on an emotional reaction.
Make 2-3 trips to visit and view any horse that you are seriously considering buying. This will help you discover if the horse is really the right one for you. Spend some time just being around the horse and find out how it reacts to grooming, feeding and other routine tasks.
Have at least one other person come and inspect the horse with you. Listen to their opinions and suggestions.
If you are sure that you are making a fully informed decision and you have the time, money and ability to love, train and care for this horse then you have most likely found the right one to buy.
Hugh Dillon is an Equine Surgeon at at Troytown equine hospital. He has produced a number of articles and videos which you can get at http:www.equinevetireland.com or you can view his youtube introduction at http://youtu.be/7d7wzGhDkvE
Originally posted 2012-06-16 08:05:51.